House of Pain was an American hip hop trio who released three albums in the 1990s before lead rapper Everlast left to pursue a solo career. The group’s name is a reference to the H.G. Wells novel The Island of Dr. Moreau, a reference carried further by the naming of their 2011 tour He Who Breaks the Law. The group is best known for its 1992 hit single “Jump Around”, which reached No. 3 in their native United States, No. 6 in Ireland and No. 8 in the United Kingdom.
“Jump Around”, produced by DJ Muggs of the hip hop group Cypress Hill, who has also covered the song. It became a hit in 1992, reaching number 3 in the United States. A 1993 re-release of the song in the United Kingdom, where the initial release had been a minor hit, peaked at number 8. “Jump Around” was featured at position 580 on Q Magazine’s 1001 Best Songs Ever, number 24 on VH1’s 100 Greatest Songs of the 90s, number 66 on VH1’s 100 Greatest Songs of Hip Hop, number 325 on Blender’s 500 Greatest Songs Since You Were Born and number 47 on NME’s 100 Best Songs Of The 1990s. The song is popular among dancehall DJs and is widely regarded in the United Kingdom as a club classic.
he song features a distinctive horn fanfare intro, sampled from Bob & Earl’s 1963 track “Harlem Shuffle”. The song also samples “Popeye the Hitchhiker” by Chubby Checker, but it is best known for a high-pitched squealing sound that appears at the beginning of almost every bar—66 times in the course of the recording.
The origin of the squeal has been the subject of debate. The website WhoSampled credits the 1967 Junior Walker & the All Stars track “Shoot Your Shot”, in which a tenor saxophone makes the noise. However, Americans blogger Anil Dash and musician Questlove of hip-hop band The Roots have insisted on Prince’s “Gett Off” as the source. A Newsweek reader performed a spectrogram where the sample more closely matches “Shoot Your Shot”, and House of Pain member Everlast himself told Questlove that it is a horn making the squeal and not Prince. However, Anil Dash claims the band has denied that the sample is Prince to avoid paying royalties to the singer. For his part, DJ Muggs says the sample came from neither Prince nor Junior Walker.
The music video for “Jump Around” was filmed during the 1992 New York City Saint Patrick’s Day parade. Portions were shot on the parade route as well as in Central Park and Old Town Bar and Restaurant. New York Yankees super fan and Yankee Stadium regular Freddy Schuman can be seen in the parade crowd, ringing his signature shamrock pan near the end of the video.
The video ends with a dedication to the memory of Matt Champy, a friend of the band who died in 1992.